Abdullah Entezam (1895-1983) عبدالله انتظام

 

The story goes that when Ayatollah Khomeini came to power, he specifically forbade the arrest and killing of three people. The first name on his wish list was Abdullah Entezam, not that he was shy to murder any opponent, but because Entezam was so much revered and respected that he feared his fragile coalition might be fractured in the stormy early days of the revolution.  His stance on making sure Khomieni was not executed and rather exiled for his 1943 uprisings in Qom, was sure to have an effect on Khomeini’s thinking. The Shah offered Entezam the position of the Prime Minister twice.  First in the mid 1950s before selecting Hassan Ali Mansour, and the second time, as his first choice, when the military government of General Azhari abruptly resigned in Nov of 1979. Such was the reputation and prestige of the man, who two opposing figures and two diametrically different regimes sought his council and respect.  Not since the death of  Zoka Ol Molk Foroughi had anyone so much clout and influence on the Shah as an elder statemen and mentor as Entezam did. Never did anyone after Entezam held that close a relationship and clout on the Monarch. 

Entezam was also appointed by the Shah, right before his departure, as the member of the 9 man Regency Council (shorayeh Saltanat). in effect to rule the country in his absence.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regency_Council_(Iran)

Abdullah Entezam (Entezam Saltaneh), was one of the most prolific politicians/diplomats of Iran’s 20th Century.  A diplomat of sterling reputation.  He was a close confidant of the His Majesty Mohamad Reza Shah Pahlavi.  His career spanned 5 decades in many Ambassadorial and cabinet positions, such as the Charge D’affaries in Berlin while Nazi’s were in power, later ambassador after WWII. Economic Attache with Ambassador Sardari (Persian Schindler} who moved the Iranian Embassy from Paris to Vichy.  Member of delegation to create the League of Nations.  Secretary of the Iranian legation to the US in the early 1920’s when Woodrow Wilson was in the white house. He became the most popular and effective Chairman of the National Iranian Oil Company in the late 50’s and early 60’s.  Only to be sidelined by the Shah for his frank and direct remarks to the sovereign.  He was known to speak his mind freely with the monarch.  It is said, after Zoka Ol Molk Forough Abdullah was the only elder statesman who played the role of the elder statement and a mentor to the Shah. A role Abdullah took seriously and stayed loyal to the soveriegn even after his dismissal from government jobs.   During the heyday of the 1979 revolution he was  asked by the Monarch to take the helm of he country by becoming the Prime Minister, which he refused.  But once more took over the helm of the National Iranian Oil Company and was successful in quieting the riots, restoring order.  Abdullah was among a group of politician who in 1962 urged the Shah not to kill Khomeini but to exile him.  That, in retrospect probably was his worst frank request of the monarch.

While in the US in the early 20’s he met and married his first wife, Mary Robinson Hume, daughter of the Mayor of Georgetown and grand daughter of the diplomat in Abraham Lincoln’s administration. They had two children Lily and Hume.  Hume went on to become the famous Arabists in the state Department.  Rising to become the Ambassador to the Saudi Arabia in the mid 1980’s.  Hume was nicknamed “Hume of Arabia” by his colleagues for his deep knowledge and respect he had in that part of the world.  His deep knowledge got him selected to become Paul “Jerry” Bremmer’s right hand man in rebuilding Iraq after the second Iraq war, in the provisional authority.

His grandson a deputy director of FBI and his granddaughter the ACTING DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY
BUREAU OF AFRICAN AFFAIRS.

Abdullah was a freemason,  Grand Master of the National Grand Lodge of Iran,  a sufi and a Dervish.  He has left numerous articles and books on Sufism. He is considered the pre-eminent Sufi leader and perhaps one of only in the 20th Century.

Documents

Short Video about him by Massoud Behnood:

Life story in Farsi: abdollah

2021 Published Family History: خاندان انتظام وزیری

His book, Human Fraternity, published in 2021 after 50 years! (English): NAHAIEE

کتاب ایشان ِ برادری انسانیت، چاپ بعد از ۵۰ سال بدون سانسور

Abdullah on Marvin Zonis’ book in English: entezam_marzin_Zonis

Newsletter in English when he was the NIOC Chairman: Entezam_Newsletter

Eulogy by Sir Dennis Wright: Abdullah Eulogy By Wright

His article on Masonic virtue in Farsi (1969):Abdullah_article_1969

Member of delegation to The League of Nations:

Abdullah_in_League_of_Nations

Treaty signed with India while foreign minister: TREATY_OF_COMMERCE_AND_NAVIGATION:

Iran Oil Accord 1954: August_6

Encyclopedia Iranica

Wikipedia

ویکی پیدیا

BBC movie on NIOC and interview with Chairman

Home movie while at League of nations:

Writeup published about his Great Grand Uncle Mirza Issiah Vazir میرزا عیسی خان وزیر  (in Parsi) Mirza Issiah Vazir

Ancestral tomb mirza Issaiah Vazir part one:

Ancestral tomb mirza Issaiah Vazir part two:

History of the Monirieh district on Tehran and the tomb:

Article published in the International Journal Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding